Population: In May 1991 census, population 7,795,786.
Language: Of native-born population, 99 percent Germanspeaking with small minorities speaking Serbo-Croatian or
Religion: Of native-born and foreign-born population
combined, about 78 percent Roman Catholic, 5 percent Protestant,
8 percent other (includes Jewish, Muslim, and Orthodox), and 9
percent no denomination.
Education: Public elementary, secondary, and higher
education free; nine years compulsory. By ninth year, students
usually in preuniversity academic schools or vocational
education. Literacy 99 percent for population over age fifteen.
Health and Welfare: Social insurance covers all wageearners
and salaried employees, self-employed workers, and dependents.
Coverage compulsory. State-required health insurance covers 99
percent of population. In 1990 average life expectancy almost
seventy-six years (seventy-two for males and seventy-nine for
Data as of December 1993