Formal Name: Republic of Colombia.
Short Form: Colombia.
Term for Citizens: Colombian(s).
Size: 1,138,910 square kilometers.
Topography: Mainland territory divided into four
geographic regions: Andean highlands (composed of three
ranges and intervening valley lowlands); Caribbean
Pacific lowlands; and Ilanos and tropical rainforest of
Colombia. Colombia also possesses small islands in both
Sea and Pacific Ocean.
Climate: Striking variety in temperature
principally from differences in elevation; little seasonal
variation. Habitable areas consist of hot (below 900
elevation), temperate (between 900 and 1,980 meters), and
(from 1,980 meters to about 3,500 meters) climatic zones.
Precipitation generally moderate to heavy, with highest
Pacific lowlands and in parts of eastern Colombia;
year-to-year variations recorded.
Data as of December 1988