Population: In 1988 estimated at 28 million;
annual growth approximately 2 percent in late 1980s.
Education and Literacy: In late 1980s, about 90
of children between seven and eleven years of age attended
school in urban areas; number often fell below 70 percent
rural areas and below 50 percent in more isolated
Approximately 30 percent of twelve-year-old population
secondary school in 1985; significant urban-rural
Estimated 80 percent of all university students attended
in just five cities. Literacy rate estimated at 88 percent
Health: Access to and availability of health
medical services improved substantially in 1970s and
nonetheless, rural and urban poor continued to suffer from
mortality and morbidity rates. In 1988 life expectancy at
estimated at sixty-eight years for females and sixty-four
Ethnic Groups: In late 1980s, mestizos
approximately 50 percent of population, whites 25 percent,
mulattoes and zambos (black-Indian mix) 20 percent,
4 percent, and Indians 1 percent.
Religion: Over 95 percent of population Roman
late 1980s; remainder primarily various Protestant groups.
Data as of December 1988