Formal Name: Federal Islamic Republic of the
Short Name: Comoros.
Term for Citizens: Comorans (or Comorians).
Date of Independence: July 6, 1975 (from
Size: Variously given as 1,862 to 2,170 square
Topography: Archipelago consists of four main
all of volcanic origin. Njazidja (Grande Comore), the
has two volcanoes with a plateau connecting them; its thin
cannot hold water. Nzwani (Anjouan) has three mountain
deeper soil cover. Mwali (Mohéli), the smallest, has
mountain chain and some rain forest. Mahoré (Mayotte)
its relationship with France and is not included as part
Climate: Marine tropical, with two seasons: hot
humid from November to April, with northeastern monsoon
possible cyclones; rest of year cooler and dryer. Average
rainfall 2,000 millimeters.
Data as of August 1994