Population: 1991 census, excluding Mahoré,
Population density varies among islands, ranging from l991
of 470 persons per square kilometer on Nzwani to 120
square kilometer on Mwali. Population growth rate
3.55 percent in 1994.
Ethnic Groups: Arabs, descendants of Shirazi
African groups: Cafres and Makoa; Malayo-Indonesian
Oimatsaha, Antalotes, and Sakalava; and Creoles,
Languages: Arabic (official), French (official),
Comoran dialect related to Swahili.
Religion: Sunni Muslim, 86 percent; Roman
Education and Literacy: Education compulsory for
seven through fifteen; about 75 percent of
children enrolled in 1993 in schools following French
system. No university but post-secondary education
Adult literacy in 1993 only 50 percent.
Health: Health care and most health facilities
condition. Malaria endemic; 80 to 90 percent of population
affected. Scarcity of safe drinking water and child
are problem areas. 1994 estimate of life expectancy at
fifty-eight years. Infant mortality rate estimated at
1,000 live births in 1994.
Data as of August 1994