In 1987 the government structure was based on the amended
1960 Constitution, which identifies the Czechoslovak Socialist
Republic as a federative state of two equal fraternal nations.
The Constitution stipulates the creation of separate government
structures for the Czech Socialist Republic, located in Prague,
and the Slovak Socialist Republic, situated in Bratislava. These
republic governments share responsibility with the federal
government in areas such as planning, finance, currency, price
control, agriculture and food, transportation, labor, wages,
social policy, and the media. The central government, located in
Prague, has exclusive jurisdiction over foreign policy,
international relations, defense, federal stockpiles, federal
legislation and administration, and the federal judicial system.
Government institutions in Czechoslovakia perform
legislative, executive, and judicial functions. The Constitution
clearly defines the responsibilities for making and implementing
policy that each branch of government holds. In reality, however,
all decisions of state are made by the communist party.
Government organs exist purely to administer the party program.
Data as of August 1987