Training and Education
Training of enlisted naval personnel took place primarily at
the Center of Naval Instruction at the Salinas Naval Training Base.
In addition to basic training, the center provided a variety of
basic and advanced specialized courses, such as electronics, radio
operation, gunnery, and administration.
Naval cadets attended the Advanced Naval Academy (Escuela
Superior Naval) at Salinas in a four-year program that stressed the
humanities, scientific subjects, naval science, and physical
training. Cadets also completed practice cruises on board a
three-masted sailing vessel.
Located in Guayaquil, the Naval War College was the service's
senior instructional institution and prepared officers, generally
at the level of commander, for higher ranks and general staff duty.
The two-year course of study covered such topics as strategy and
tactics, logistics, geopolitics, operational planning,
intelligence, and international maritime law, together with
sociology, economics, and other nonmilitary subjects.
The marines operated their own instructional program, including
a basic school for recruits and more advanced courses in amphibious
operations, communications, intelligence, and weaponry, plus
special courses in frogman and paratroop skills. The navy also
administered the Merchant Marine School, whose cadets received some
military training and formed part of the naval reserve after
graduation as merchant marine officers.
Data as of 1989