Population: Estimated at more than 52.5 million in mid1990 , mostly concentrated along banks of Nile River. Annual
growth rate estimated at 2.6 percent.
Education and Literacy: Education compulsory for basic
nine-year cycle but attendance not enforced; approximately 16
percent of school-age children did not attend. Literacy
approximately 45 percent in 1990.
Health and Welfare: Ministry of Health provided health
care at variety of public medical facilities. Urban-rural
health care generally biased in favor of larger cities. Average
nutrition compared favorably with most middle- and low-income
countries. Average life expectancy at birth fifty-nine years for
men and sixty years for women in 1989.
Ethnic Groups: Egyptians, beduins, Greeks, Nubians,
Armenians, and Berbers.
Religion: Almost 90 percent Sunni Muslims, 8.5 percent
Coptic Christians, 1.5 percent other Christians.
Data as of December 1990