TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATIONS
Railroads: More than 4,800 kilometers of track, 950
kilometers of which double-tracked. Bulk of system standard gauge
(1.435 meters), but 347 kilometers narrow gauge (0.75 meter).
Twenty-five-kilometer suburban transit link between Cairo and
industrial suburb of Hulwan electrified. Southern part of Cairo
Metro opened 1987; northeast line opened 1989. Ferry at Aswan
connects Egyptian Railways to Sudanese system.
Roads: More than 49,000 kilometers, of which about
15,000 kilometers paved, 2,500 kilometers gravel, 31,500
Inland Waterways: About 3,500 kilometers, consisting
mainly of Nile River and several canals in Delta.
Suez Canal: About 160 kilometers for international
shipping between Red and Mediterranean seas. Reopened in 1975.
Capable of handling ships of 150,000 deadweight tons laden and 16
meters draft. In 1987 17,541 ships transited canal with 257,000
tons of cargo, earning Egypt US$1.22 billion.
Ports: Alexandria main port. Port Said and Suez other
two large ports. Phosphates shipped from Bur Safajah on the Red
Sea. Port near Alexandria remained under construction in 1990.
Pipelines: About 1,400 kilometers for domestic crude
oil and refined products plus about 600 kilometers for natural
Airports: Sixty-six airfields but only Cairo and
Alexandria handled international traffic.
Telecommunications: Well developed radio and television
facilities; shortage of telephones. Numerous international
Data as of December 1990