TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATIONS
Roads: Construction of adequate road system
by rugged terrain of highlands and normally heavy seasonal
rainfall. Approximately 18,000 kilometers of roads in 1991,
of which 13,000 kilometers were all-weather roads. Road
density lowest in Africa; perhaps three-fourths of farms
more than one-half day's walk from an all-weather road.
Railroads: One line operating in 1993 from
city of Djibouti. Second line from Akordat to Mitsiwa
discontinued operation in 1976 because of unprofitability
and partly destroyed in later fighting.
Ports: Two major ports--Aseb and
further access to ocean transport through port of Djibouti;
all usable by deep-sea vessels.
Civil Aviation: Important in domestic
of underdeveloped state of other means of transportation.
International airports at Addis Ababa, Asmera, and Dire
Dawa; major airports at a few other towns; remaining
airfields little more than landing strips. In 1993 Ethiopian
Airlines provided domestic service to some forty-five
destinations and international service to Africa, western
Europe, India, and China.
Telecommunications: Minimal system.
connected Addis Ababa with Nairobi and Djibouti; other
international service via Atlantic Ocean satellite of
International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
(Intelsat). Limited local telephone service and equipment;
four AM radio stations, one shortwave transmitter;
television service in ten cities.
Data as of 1991