AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY, AND FISHERIES
The Finns traditionally earned their living from the
of their soils and waters. Even though by the 1980s
long been an industrial country, many Finns continued to
hardworking farmer as an upright figure whose way of life
be preserved so the country would not lose contact with
roots. Agriculture, forestry, and fisheries had shrunk to
than 10 percent of GDP by the late 1980s, but these
remained crucial for the country's economic security.
only 8 percent of its territory was arable, the country
self-sufficient in basic foodstuffs since the
surpluses of dairy products and meat caused serious
in the 1970s and the the 1980s. Seventy-six percent of the
country was covered by forests, which supplied the
important raw material--lumber. Agriculture and forestry
been closely linked: most farms included forestland, and
farmers supplemented their earnings by selling lumber or
working in the forest industries during the winter.
rivers and lakes covered about 9 percent of Finland, and
country had extensive coastal waters, fishing was not an
important source of food or employment.
The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry was
policies dealing with agriculture, forestry, and fishing.
Recognizing the close links among these sectors, the
considered that policies should offer integrated solutions
problems of managing the country's resources.
Data as of December 1988