Armed Forces: National People's Army in 1987 included
ground forces (120,000 with 60 percent conscripts); People's Navy
(16,300 with 50 percent conscripts), and Air Force/Air Defense
Force (39,000 with 38 percent conscripts), respectively. All
forces organized under Ministry of Defense. Group of Soviet
Forces in Germany numbered about 380,000 men in 20 ground force
Ground Forces: Two tank divisions, four motorized rifle
regiments, two surface-to-surface missile brigades, two artillery
regiments and one antiaircraft artillery regiment, eight airdefense regiments, one airborne battalion, two antitank
divisions, and several support units. Frontier troops (50,000)
organized and equipped as motorized rifle battalion.
Navy: 1st Flotilla, headquartered in Peenemünde; 4th
Flotilla, based in Rostock-Warnemünde; 6th Flotilla, located on
Rügen Island; Coastal Border Brigade in Rostock; one
communications regiment stationed on Rügen Island; and numerous
Air Force/Air Defense Force: In air force, two
regiments of fighter aircraft, one reconnaissance squadron, one
transport regiment, and three helicopter regiments. In air
defense force, six air regiments, seven surface-to-air missile
regiments, and two radar regiments.
Equipment: Primarily Soviet
Paramilitary: Includes People's Police (12,000),
Transport Police (8,500), Feliks Dzierzynski Guard Regiment
(7,000) of Ministry of State Security (secret police), Civil
Defense officers and non-commissioned officers (3,000), and
Working Class Combat Groups (500,000), all of whom receive some
Police: All police forces centralized under Ministry of
People's Police includes Alert Units, Municipál Police, Traffic
Police, Criminal Police, and Passport Department Transport Police
and Fire Fighters separately organized.
Foreign Military Treaties: Member of Warsaw Pact; also
has bilateral defense treaty with the Soviet Union.
Data as of July 1987