TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATIONS
Railroads: 14,226 kilometers total in 1985, of which
13,777 standard gauge and 293 narrow gauge; 2,523 overhead
electrified. In 1984, 3,830 kilometers doubled-tracked.
Roads: 120,433 kilometers total in 1983; 47,380
kilometers concrete, asphalt, and stone block, of which 18,987
kilometers autobahn and limited-access roads; over 73,000
kilometers asphalt treated, gravel, crushed stone, and earth.
Inland Waterways: 2,319 kilometers total in 1984
Pipelines: For oil, 1,301 kilometers; for refined
products, 500 kilometers; for natural gas, 1,700 kilometers.
Ports: Wismar, Rostock, Stralsund, and Sassnitz on
Baltic; East Berlin, Eisenhüttenstadt, Magdeburg, and Riesa on
Airports: East Berlin-Schöenfeld, Dresden, Erfurt,
Heringsdorf, and Leipzig
Telecommunications: In mid-1980s about 3.6 million
telephones, or 21.8 for every 100 inhabitants. System not fully
Data as of July 1987