The long-standing policy of dividing constituencies into ethnic
elements has prevented the establishment of a strong independent
business organization. Fear of the Marxist PPP caused many middleclass Afro-Guyanese to support the PNC, beginning in the 1960s.
Members of the business community who oppose government policy
often do so through participation in the UF.
A movement began in the 1940s to press for improvement in
socioeconomic conditions for women. The first formal women's
organization was headed by Janet Jagan, wife of Cheddi Jagan, but
it soon became merely an arm of Jagan's PPP. There is no national
women's organization that spans ethnic groups. Rather, a women's
group functions as part of the PPP, and a Women's Affairs Bureau of
the ruling government is associated with the PNC.
Data as of January 1992