The conduct of foreign policy in Honduras has
dominated by the presidency, with the minister of foreign
essentially executing that policy. After Honduras returned
civilian rule in 1982, however, the military continued to
power over aspects of foreign policy associated with
security. General Gustavo Álvarez reportedly directly
the presence of the anti-Sandinista Contras in Honduras
United States, as well as the establishment of a United
military presence at Palmerola Air Base and the training
Salvadoran troops at a Regional Center for Military
Honduras (Centro Regional de Entrenamiento Militar--CREM).
influence over these aspects of foreign policy continued
the end of the decade, when regional hostilities subsided
reduced Honduras's geostrategic importance for United
toward the region.
In the second half of the 1980s, the Ministry of
Affairs, under the dynamic leadership of Carlos López
reportedly became a professional and well-respected cadre
diplomats. Key positions in the ministry were reportedly
the basis of competence rather than political affiliation.
change in government in 1990, however, politicization once
became the norm, with preference given to PNH loyalists.
Callejas's active involvement in the regional integration
in Central America has tended to eclipse the prominence of
of the minister of foreign affairs in the process of
Data as of December 1993