The Army of Honduras (Ejército de Honduras--EH) came
modern form when changes were made in the previous militia
during the 1940s and 1950s. With assistance from the
the First Infantry Battalion was created in 1947 as a
infantry unit, and the Second Infantry Battalion was
the 1950s as a counterinsurgency unit. These two
important military commands and were headquartered near
city, Tegucigalpa, in the early 1990s.
During the 1960s and 1970s, the number of army combat
expanded dramatically, and major changes occurred in the
organization of the ground forces. Some of these changes
politically rather than militarily motivated, as, for
General López Arellano created the First Infantry Brigade
to serve as his own private guard. In 1970 the army had
three infantry battalions complemented by an engineering
and an artillery battalion, which had been created
after the 1969 conflict with El Salvador. By the end of
the number of infantry battalions had increased to ten,
signal battalion had been added.
By 1983 troop strength had grown to 13,500. The army
brigades, each composed of two infantry battalions and one
artillery battalion. In addition, there were six
infantry battalions varying in size from 400 to 1,000 men.
the infantry battalions formed the Presidential Honor
was based in Tegucigalpa and under the personal command of
president. There was also an engineering battalion, an
regiment, and a special forces unit of battalion size.
The army continued to grow in size and strength and
during the 1980s, reaching a peak of 15,400 in 1989.
1990, because of severe reductions in the government's
budget, the army began to cut its troop strength, dropping
14,500 in 1991 and then to 14,000 in 1993. (See
this ch.) The downward trend is expected to continue.
the army is composed of three infantry brigades totaling
regular infantry battalions, a special jungle group, one
battalion, one engineer battalion, and a signal battalion.
armored calvary regiment is made up of four armored car
one reconnaissance squadron, a tank squadron, and one
battalion. General Army Headquarters has direct control of
territorial force composed of one special forces (airborne
qualified) battalion, one infantry battalion, one regular
battalion, the Honduran Military Training Academy, the
Morazán Military Academy, the Commando School, and the
The principal infantry weapons are Belgian FAL
and United States-manufactured M-16s. The tank squadron is
with twelve British-made Scorpion light tanks, which have
kilometer range and travel seventy-two kilometers per
tanks give the army some rapid armored mobility because of
air transportability and high speed on the ground. The
army is also
equipped with towed artillery pieces, including
howitzers and four 155mm guns. Air defense capabilities
provided by thirty highly effective M167 Vulcan guns (see
Data as of December 1993