Size: Second largest country of Central America;
112,088 square kilometers.
Topography: About 80 percent of country consists
interior highlands, extremely rugged and mountainous with
intermontane valleys. Long and narrow Caribbean lowlands
northeast, with numerous narrow river valleys reaching
interior mountains. Small Pacific lowlands along the Golfo
Climate: Entire country lies within tropics, but
regional variation because of mountains. Caribbean
generally hotter and more humid than rest of country. More
temperate conditions at higher elevations. Rainfall
Caribbean lowlands, especially in northeast, wettest.
and dry season in Pacific lowlands and interior highlands.
September wettest months.
Data as of December 1993