GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS
Government: In 1982 freely elected civilian
National Congress inaugurated, returning country to
rule after ten years of military-led government. New
country's sixteenth, devised and ratified by Constituent
in 1982. President, three presidential designates (vice
presidents), deputies of 134-member Congress, and nine
Supreme Court of Justice all serve four-year terms.
appoints and dismisses twelve secretaries of state and two
agency directors, who form Council of Ministers, or
heads of various decentralized autonomous and
agencies appointed by, or with concurrence of, president,
appoints eighteen departmental governors. Local
(municipios), including mayor and five- to
council, normally elected every two to three years.
Politics: Revolve around Liberal Party of
National Party of Honduras. Since late 1960s, armed forces
evolved as principal political force, governing directly,
influencing general policy, or controlling national
affairs. Private enterprise sector, labor, peasants,
professionals all highly organized and actively pursue own
interests through a variety of means, including media,
contact with officials, rallies, and demonstrations.
Judicial System: Judicial system consists of
Court of Justice, which handles both civil and criminal
courts of appeal, courts of first instance at departmental
and justices of the peace at municipal level.
Administrative Divisions: Eighteen departments,
divided into 291 municipalities.
Foreign Relations: During 1980s focused on
defense and efforts to achieve peace and stability within
America. Regional political crisis, arrival of thousands
refugees in Honduras, and presence of anti-Sandinista
counterrevolutionaries on Honduran territory burdened
drew it closer to conflict. Involvement in regional
deepened as Honduras expanded military ties with United
through increased levels of military aid, modification and
construction of airfields, establishment of regional
center, and series of large military exercises. Following
1990s' peace accords, relations with neighbors have
Honduras has become less dependent on United States aid.
International Agreements and Memberships:
Organization of American States (OAS), Central American
Market, Central American Integration System, and United
its specialized agencies. Important treaties include: 1947
InterAmerican Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (Rio Treaty),
the Proscription of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America
Treaty), and Central American Peace Agreement (Esquipulas
Data as of December 1993