A militantly anticommunist authoritarian government
of military officers entered Budapest on the heels of the
Romanians. A "white terror" ensued that led to the
torture, and execution without trial of communists,
Jews, leftist intellectuals, sympathizers with the Karolyi
Kun regimes, and others who threatened the traditional
political order that the officers sought to reestablish.
Estimates placed the number of executions at approximately
In addition, about 75,000 people were jailed. In
Hungarian right wing and the Romanian forces targeted Jews
retribution. Ultimately, the white terror forced nearly
people to leave the country, most of them socialists,
intellectuals, and middle-class Jews.
Data as of September 1989