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Iran

 
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Appendix A. Tables

Table 1. Metric Conversion Coofficients and Factors

When you kow Multiply by To find
Millimeters 0.04 inches
Centimeters 0.39 inches
Meters 3.3 feet
Kilometers 0.62 miles
Hectares 2.47 acres
Square kilometers 0.39 square miles
Cubic meters 35.3 cubic feet
Liters 0.26 gallons
Kilograms 2.2 pounds
Metric tons 0.98 long tons
1.1 short tons
2,204 pounds
Degrees Celsius (Centigrade) 1.8 and add 32 degrees Fahrenheit

Table 2. Major Cities, Census Years 1976 and 1986

City 1976 1986*
Tehran 4,496,000 6,022,000
Mashhad 670,000 1,419,000
Isfahan 671,000 928,000
Tabriz 598,000 808,000
Shiraz 416,000 800,000
Ahvaz 329,000 396,000
Kermanshah (Bakhtaran after 1979) 290,000 389,000
Qom 246,000 338,000
Rasht 187,000 259 000
Karaj 138,000 252,000
Abadan 296,000 250,000
Qazvin 139,000 244,000
Urumiyeh 163,000 219,000
Hamadan 155,000 207,000
Kerman 140,000 202,000

*Preliminary.

Table 3. Ethnic and Linguistic Groups, 1986

(exclusive of refugees)
Ethnic Group Language Population1 Percentage
Persians Persian 23,100,000 51.0
Azarbaijanis Turkic 11,500,000 25.2
Kurds Kurdish 4,000,000 8.8
Gilakis and Mazandaranis Persian dialects 3,450,000 7.5
Baluchis Baluchi 600,000 1.3
Lurs Luri 550,000 1.2
Arabs Arabic 530,000 1.2
Fars Turks2 Turkic dialects 250,000 0.5
Qashqais Turkish 250,000 0.5
Turkomans -do- 250,000 0.5
Bakhtiaris Luri 250,000 0.5
Armenians Armenian 250,000 0.5
Assyrians Assyrian 32,000 -- 3
Other Persian and Turkic dialects, English, French, German, Georgian, Russian 600,000 1.3
TOTAL 45,612,000 100.0

1 Estimated; rounded off to nearest 10,000.
2 Includes Abivardis, Afshars, Baharlus, Inanlus, detribalized Qashqais, and other Turkic-speaking groups.
3 0.007 percent.

Source: Based on information from Patricia Higgins, "Minority-State Relations in Contemporary Iran," in Ali Banuazizi and Myron Weiner, eds., The State, Religion, and Ethnic Politics, Syracuse, 1986, 178.

Table 4. Non-Muslim Religious Minorities, 1986

Religious Minority Language Population*
Bahais Persian, Turkish 350,000
Armenian Christians Armenian 250,000
Jews Persian, Kurdish 50,000
Assyrian Christians Assyrian 32,000
Zoroastrians Persian 32,000

*Estimated.

Table 5. Oil Production and Exports, 1980-85

(in millions of barrels per day)
1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985
Production 1.47 1.32 2.39 2.44 2.03 2.19
Exports 0.80 0.71 1.62 1.72 1.52 1.57

Source: Based on information from George Jaffe and Keith McLachlan, Iran and Iraq: The Next Five Years, Special Report No. 1083, Economist Intelligence Unit, London, 1987, 12.

Table 6. Estimated Production of Major Crops 1981, 1982, and 1983,

(in thousands of tons)
1981-82 1982-83 1983-84
Barley 1,700 1,903 2,034
Cotton (lint) 275 358 300
Legumes 290 296 290
Oil Seeds* 105 138 188
Onions 675 965 736
Pistachios 122 95 84
Potatoes 1,540 1,814 1,740
Rice 1,624 1,605 1,215
Sugar beets 3,231 4,321 3,648
Sugar cane 1,677 1,810 2,053
Wheat 6,610 6,660 5,956

*Sunflower seeds and soybeans.

Source:Based on information from The Middle East and North Africa, 1987, London: Europa Publications, 1986, 416.

Table 7. Major Trading Partners, 1985

(in percentages)
Destination of exports from Iran Sources of imports to Iran
Japan 15.9 West Germany 16.3
Italy 9.4 Japan 13.4
Turkey 8.8 Britain 6.7
Singapore 7.1 Italy 6.0
Syria 6.5 Turkey 5.9
Spain 5.6 Soviet Union 4.5
Netherlands 5.5 Singapore 3.9
France 5.0 Spain 2.8
United States 4.8 Argentina 2.8
Romania 4.4 Netherlands 2.7
West Germany 4.0 Kuwait 2.0
Other 23.0 Other 33.0
TOTAL 100.0 TOTAL 100.0

Source: Based on information from Economist Intelligence Unit, Iran: Country Report, 1987, No. 1, London, 1987, 2.

Table 8. Armed Forces Manpower Selected Years, 1977-86

Type and Description 1977 1979 1982 1984 1986
Armed forces
Reserves 300,000 300,000 400,000 350,000 350,000
Army 220,000 285,0001 150,0002 250,0002 305,0002
Navy 22,000 30,000 10,000 20,000 14,500
Air force 100,000 100,000 35,000 35,000 35,500
Total armed forces 642,000 715,000 595,000 655,000 704,500
Paramilitary forces
Gendarmerie 70,000 74,000 5,000 5,000 70,000
Pasdaran - 30,000 40,000 250,000 350,000
Basij - n.a. n.a. 2,500,000 3,000,000
Mojahedin - n.a. 30,000 n.a. n.a.
Total paramilitary forces 700,000 104,000 75,000 2,755,000 3,420,000
Forces abroad
Oman 1,000 5,0003 - - -
Syria (UNDOF) 3834 - - - -
Lebanon - - n.a. 650 1,000
Total forces abroad 1,383 5,000 - 650 1,000

n.a.--not available.
1 Sixty percent of the army is reported to have deserted in 1979 after the Revolution began. Figures given are for prerevolutionary period.
2 Conscripts made up 100,000 personnel for 1982 and 1984. The number was estimated at 200,000 for 1986.
3 The Oman contingent had grown to 5,000 by 1979, when it was brought home.
4 Some of the United Nations Disengagement Observation Force (UNDOF) soldiers also served in United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon, from which they were also withdrawn in 1979.

Table 9. Major Army Weapons, 1986

Type and Description Number in Inventory
Tanks (medium)
T-54,T-55, T-59, T-62, T-72, Chieftain Mk3/5, M-47/-48, M-60A1 1,000
Tanks (light)
Scorpion 50
Armored vehicles
EE-9 Cascavel 130
BMP-1 180
BTR-50/60 500
M-113 250
EE-11 Urutu 300
Guns, howitzers (including self-propelled) and surface-to-surface missiles (SSM)
105mm, 130mm, 155mm, 175mm, 203mm 600
81mm, 120mm 3,000
SSM: Scud n.a.
Recoilless rifles
57mm, 75mm, M-40 A/C 106mm n.a.
Antiaircraft guns (including self-propelled) and surface-to-air missiles (SAM)
25mm, 57mm 1,500
SAM: Hawk/Improved Hawk, SA-7, RBS-70 n.a.
Antitank weapons
ENTAC, SS-11/-12, M-47 Dragon, BGM-71A TOW n.a.
Fixed-wing aircraft
Cessna (185, 310, O-2A) 56
Fokker F-27 2
Rockwell Shrike Commander 5
Dassault Mystere-Falcon 2
Helicopters
AH-1J Cobra (attack) n.a.
Bell 214A 270
AB-205A 35
CH-47C Chinook n.a.

n.a.--not available.

Source: Based on information from International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance, 1986-1987, London, 1986, 96.

Table 10. Major Naval Weapons, 1986

Type and Description Number in Inventory
Destroyers
With surface-to-air missiles (SAM) 1
US Sumner-class 2
Submarines, Type-1200 6*
Frigates, with surface-to-surface missiles (SSM) and SAM 4
Corvettes, US PF-103 2
Fast patrol boats
Kaman (La Combattante 11) with 7 harpoon SSM 8
Patrol boats 7
Minesweepers (US MSC 292/268 coastal) 2
Landing ships and craft 8
Logistical support ships 4
Hovercraft, Wellington BH-7 2
Fixed-wing aircraft
Orion P-3F 2
Shrike Commander 4
Fokker F-27 4
Dassault Mystere-Falcon 1
Helicopters
Sikorsky SH-3D 10
Sikorsky RH-53D 2
AB-212 7

*On order; delivery pending end of Iran-Iraq War.

Source: Based on information from International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance, 1986-1987, London, 1986, 96-97.

Table 11. Air Force Weapons, 1986

Type and Description Number in Inventory
Fighter-bombers, with air-to-air missiles (AAM) and air-to-surface missiles (ASM)
F-4 D/E Phantom 35
Fighters
F-5 E/F Tiger 45
Fighters-interceptors
F-14A Tomcat 10
Reconnaissance
RF-4E 3
F-14A 5
Tankers-transports
Boeing 707 10
Boeing 747 7
Transports
C-130 E/H Hercules 26
Fokker F-27 9
Aero Commander 690 2
Falcon 20 4
Trainers
Bonanza F-33 A/C 26
Shooting Star T-33A 7
Pilatus PC-7 46
Shenyang J-6 2
Helicopters
AB-206A Jet Ranger 10
AB-212 5
Bell 214C 39
CH-47 Chinook 10
Sikorsky S-55 (HH-34F) 10
Sikorsky S-61A4 2
Surface-to-air missiles
Rapier n.a.
Tigercat 25
Hawk (improved?) 1,000
Air-to-air missiles
Phoenix n.a.
AIM-9 Sidewinder n.a.
AIM-7 Sparrow n.a.
Air-to-surface missiles
AS-12 Maverick n.a.

Source: Based on information from International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance, 1986-1987, London, 1986, 97.

 

Iran - TABLE OF CONTENTS


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