TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATIONS
Roads: 13,410 kilometers of roads in 1985, providing
relatively dense network.
Railroads: 528 kilometers of state-owned railroads
in 1988 linking major centers of Jerusalem, Tel Aviv, Haifa, Beersheba,
Ports: Haifa most important, handling about
55 percent of foreign trade in 1985, excluding bulk oil transport.
Ashdod and Elat (Red Sea) other major cargo ports. Oil terminals
at Elat and near Ashqelon; coal terminal at Hadera.
Airports: International airport at Lod; smaller
airport at Elat.
Pipelines: Elat to near Ashqelon for crude oil
for ongoing shipment; branch leads to Ashdod and Haifa refineries
and to consumption centers, including Elat, for petroleum products.
Communications: Modern, developed system with
good connections via cable and three ground satellite stations
to rest of world. In FY 1986 about 1.9 million telephones. In
late 1980s, Israel a demand for more telecommunications services
than it was able to provide.
Data as of December 1988