Armed Forces: As of 1987, army 104,000 on active
duty, including 88,000 conscripts; navy 8,000, including 3,200
conscripts; air force 39,000, including 7,000 conscripts. Reservists:
army 494,000, navy 1,000, air force 50,000. Male conscripts served
three years active duty and female conscripts twenty months; annual
reserve duty for males thirty to sixty days following active service.
Paramilitary groups included Nahal, combining military service
with work in agricultural settlements, and Gadna, providing military
training at high school level.
Combat Units and Major Equipment: As of 1987,
on mobilization, army had eleven divisions composed of thirty-three
armored brigades; also nine independent mechanized brigades, three
infantry brigades, five paratroop brigades, fifteen artillery
brigades. Equipped with 3,900 tanks and 8,000 other armored vehicles.
Navy had 100 combat vessels, including 3 submarines, 19 missile
attack craft, 40 coastal patrol boats. Three missile corvettes
and two submarines on order. Air force had 655 combat aircraft
organized into twelve fighter-interceptor squadrons, six fighter
squadrons, one reconnaissance squadron. First-line fighters were
F-15s, F-16s, and Kfirs.
Equipment Sources: Large domestic defense industry
of state-owned and privately owned firms produced aircraft, missiles,
small arms, munitions, electronics, and communications gear. Export
sales of US$1.2 billion annually exceeded production for domestic
use. United States military aid running at US$1.8 billion annually,
including fighter aircraft, helicopters, missile boats, and funding
for Israeli-manufactured weapons.
Military Budget: US$5.6 billion in Israeli fiscal
year 1987; approximately 14 percent of GNP and 25 percent of total
Police and Intelligence Agencies: As of 1986,
Israel Police--20,874, including Border Police of approximately
5,000 and Palestinian Police (1,000). Auxiliary forces included
Civil Defense Corps of army reservists (strength unknown) and
Civil Guard (approximately 100,000 volunteers). Separate intelligence
organizations included Mossad (external), Shin Bet (domestic),
and Aman (military).
Data as of December 1988