Transportation and Telecommunications
Highways: In 1990, 28,400 kilometers of roads,
of which 22,400 hard-surfaced. Nearly all freight moves by road;
plans to supplement connection with China-Pakistan highway, mid-1990s.
Fuel shortage restricts vehicle use, mid-1990s.
Railroads: Little developed; 370 kilometers
of track, one main line in north, 1994. Plans for north-south
line begun 1995.
Civil Aviation: Two international airports,
at Bishkek and Osh; about twenty-five smaller facilities. Beginning
in 1991, fuel shortage diverts international traffic to Almaty
in Kazakstan, with reduction in overall transport; regular service
to Tashkent and Moscow.
Inland Waterways: None.
Pipelines: In 1994, 220 kilometers for natural
Telecommunications: Little developed; in 1994,
about 7 per-cent of population with telephones. Equipment outmoded,
operating at capacity, and difficult to replace. Three national
radio stations, very limited domestic television.
Data as of March 1996