Relations with Britain
Nepalese-British relations spanned more than two
generally were friendly and mutually rewarding
From the Anglo-Nepalese War to World War II
, ch. 5). Since the Treaty of
of 1816, when Britain began recruiting Gurkha troops, the
have had continuous official representation in Kathmandu.
a convention required the Rana prime ministers to seek
British confirmation before assuming the powers of their
The Ranas offered military assistance to the British
Second Sikh War (1848-49), the Sepoy Rebellion of 1857,
I (1914-18), and World War II (1939-45). During the Rana
Nepal recognized Britain's leadership in foreign relations
numerous treaties and agreements. The Treaty of Sagauli
superseded in 1923 by the Treaty of Perpetual Peace and
which reconfirmed Nepal's independent status and remained
unchanged until Britain's paramountcy over India ended in
India inherited Britain's historic interest in Nepal.
endorsed Nepal as a zone of peace in 1980.
A minor irritant in the steady relationship between
and London was Britain's policy, begun in the late 1980s,
gradually phasing out its employment of Gurkha soldiers.
Remittances from the Gurkhas based in Britain and Hong
as a stable source of foreign exchange earnings for Nepal.
dismissal in 1988 of more than 100 Gurkha soldiers based
Kong caused such a furor in Nepal that the British
state for army supply visited Kathmandu. The minister
the incident was atypical and that the 5,000 Gurkhas
Hong Kong would be maintained and assigned to Britain,
elsewhere after 1997 when Hong Kong reverted to China.
announced in 1989, however, that the strength of the
Brigade of Gurkhas would be cut by 50 percent.
Data as of September 1991