Among the modern industries were large manufacturing
including many public sector operations. The major
industries produced jute, sugar, cigarettes, beer,
chemicals, cement, and bricks. The garment and carpet
targeted at export production, have grown rapidly since
the mid1980s whereas jute production has declined. Industrial
located in Patan (also called Lalitpur), Balaju, Hetauda,
Dharan, Butawal, and Nepalganj. The government provided
and buildings for the industrial estates, but the
themselves were mostly privately owned.
The 1986-87 Nepal Standard Industrial Classification
2,054 manufacturing establishments of 10 or more persons
major industry groups, employing about 125,000 workers.
year the total output from these industries amounted to
billion; value added was estimated at almost Rs3.6
billion. It was
nearly Rs5.1 billion in FY 1989. By FY 1989, there were
establishments recorded, employing about 141,000 persons.
Data as of September 1991