Postal services have been in existence, although
and with limited service, since the Shah and Rana periods.
advancement in transportation systems, however, postal
had improved. In FY 1985, there were 1,868 post offices.
1990, the number of post offices had increased to 2,232,
the government admitted that access to postal service for
Nepalese still was far from satisfactory.
Public telephone services became available but were
during Rana rule. Beginning in the early 1950s, a few
telephones were installed, mostly for government offices
military officers' homes. As of 1989, the number of
telephones had increased to over 45,000, and most of the
areas had telephone service. In 1986 there were twenty-six
telephone exchanges; by 1990 there were forty-two such
The number of public call offices during this same period
from twenty-one to seventy-six. International telephone
services were available, as were facsimile (fax) services.
was also a rudimentary radio relay network with
channels nationwide in 1989. In addition, there still were
fiftyfive point-to-point shortwave stations for telephone
Radio Nepal, transmitting by shortwave, has been in
since the early 1950s. In 1991 Nepal had six AM broadcast
Radio was a good source of news and entertainment for many
Nepalese; Radio Nepal, for example, provided about 100
programming every week. Estimates of the total number of
ranged from 600,000 to 2 million in 1989.
In late 1985, television programming began on a small
Kathmandu. In 1991 total programming was only three hours
with an additional two hours on Saturday mornings. The
station, Nepal Television had a transmitter outside
transmitting stations in Pokhara, Biratnagar, and Hetauda.
programs of foreign television organizations, such as the
News Network, also could be received by a satellite dish
There were approximately 200,000 television sets in 1991,
some areas the government provided television sets for
Data as of September 1991