Size: Largest country in Central America with
square kilometers. Land area 120,254 square kilometers.
Topography: Three major geographic regions.
lowlands or western region characterized by flat terrain
by line of active volcanoes between the Golfo de Fonseca
de Nicaragua paralleling Pacific coast. East of volcanoes
large structural rift forming long narrow depression from
de Fonseca southeastward. Two largest freshwater lakes in
America (Lago de Managua and Lago de Nicaragua) also
rift. Caribbean lowlands (or eastern) region covers about
national territory; this region consists of tropical rain
and pine savannas crossed by numerous rivers flowing to
Caribbean. Between Pacific lowlands and Caribbean lowlands
central highlands, most extensive in north. Western
situated at juncture between colliding tectonic plates,
in high incidence of earthquakes and volcanic activity.
Climate: Warm and relatively humid with some
variation; temperature variation mainly function of
Pacific lowlands generally more salubrious than Caribbean
lowlands. East receives high average annual rainfall; west
Rainfall seasonal; May through October wettest months.
coast subject to destructive tropical storms and
July to October.
Data as of December 1993