Armed Forces: In 1993 consisted of Sandinista
Army (EPS), with ground, air, and small naval elements.
to 15,200 personnel from peak strength of 97,000 during
Mandatory military service and reserve and militia forces
eliminated in 1990. EPS nominally subordinate to civilian
authority but in practice enjoys substantial autonomy
political system; maintains strong links to FSLN.
Major military Units: 13,500-member army with
forces organized into six regional commands; 500-member
element with sixteen patrol boats; and 1,200 member air
organized into one squadron.
Military Equipment: Most weaponry supplied by
Soviet Union, with some older items purchased from United
prior to 1979. Some naval craft acquired from People's
Republic of Korea.
Defense Budget: Estimated at US$210 million in
about 14 percent of GDP.
Internal Security Forces: 11,000-member National
Police, formerly Sandinista Police, under Ministry of
Data as of December 1993