Composition of the Labor Force
In 1989 the total labor force consisted of
1,277,000 persons. Almost one-third of the labor force is
of women, and about one-third of all working-age women
In general, members of the labor force are relatively
and have a high degree of mobility, frequently changing
moving to other areas of the country to obtain work.
accounts for more than 30 percent of all employment, and
outside of agriculture are more likely to be self-employed
small family-owned enterprises than salaried employees of
Approximately 40,000 new people usually enter the
labor force each year. Throughout the 1980s, many
workers were diverted from productive economic activities
war effort. The 1990 demobilization of the military,
added 50,000 persons to the work force.
Nicaragua entered the 1980s with a severe scarcity of
labor, especially technicians and other professionals. A
drain"--more than half a million professionals moved out
country during the Sandinista era--further robbed the
the expertise needed to staff its institutions. As many as
percent of Nicaraguan graduates with a master's degree in
business administration were estimated to be in
exile in 1990.
Data as of December 1993