NATURAL RESOURCES AND CONSERVATION
Fishing boats and small launches at Bluefields on the
Courtesy Nicaraguan Tourism Institute
Fishing and Forestry
Although fishing has long been a source of food for the
domestic market in Nicaragua, the rich fishing grounds of
Caribbean began to be exploited for export of shrimp and
only in the 1980s. A 1987 loan by the IDB allowed the
double the size of its fishing fleet to ninety boats.
damage by Hurricane Joan in 1988 to the two processing
the United States trade embargo in 1985 kept production
far below the potential catch. Restoration of trade with
United States in 1990 did produce a surge in exports, and
government hoped that fishing would provide a significant
of export earnings in the 1990s.
Nicaragua has extensive forests, and despite the
clearing for agricultural use, about one-third of the
approximately 4 million hectares, was still forested in
Most of the forests consist of the tropical rain forests
Caribbean lowlands, where surface transportation is
nonexistent. Hardwoods abound in this region, but the
mixed with other wood, making exploitation difficult.
some logging of mahogany, cedar, rosewood, and logwood for
takes place. In addition, the large stands of pine in the
northeast support logging and a small plywood industry.
Data as of December 1993