ORIGINS OF PORTUGAL
The Iberian Peninsula is a geographic unit that
number of distinct regions based on climate and
such as Andalusia, Castile, Galicia, and Lusitania.
which now encompasses the modern nation-state of Portugal,
generally set off from the other regions of the peninsula
areas of higher elevation that run parallel to the
coast, greater rainfall, and a more moderate climate. It
regional distinctiveness, as well as the internal
Lusitania--largely open to the south but hemmed in by
on the east and the Atlantic Ocean on the west--that gave
a culturally and socially distinct people, the Portuguese,
later to an independent nation-state, Portugal.
Data as of January 1993