Roads: One paved road extends from Berbera in north
through Mogadishu to Chisimayu. Roads of all categories totaled
21,000 kilometers in 1990: 2,600 kilometers paved, 2,900
kilometers gravel; 15,500 kilometers improved earth (stretches
frequently impassable in rainy seasons). Highway infrastructure
insufficient to open up isolated areas or to link isolated
Civil Aviation: Eight paved civilian airfields; fewer
than twenty additional widely-scattered gravel airfields.
International airport at Mogadishu contains 4,500-meter runway.
In 1990 domestic service linked Mogadishu with seven other Somali
cities. Somali Airlines owned one Airbus 310 in 1989. No
scheduled service existed in 1992.
Ports and Shipping: Four major ports: deepwater
facilities at Berbera, Mogadishu, and Chisimayu; lighterage port
at Merca; minor port at Maydh. Port modernization program
launched in latter half of 1980s with United States aid
significantly improved cargo handling capabilities at Chisimayu,
and increased number of berths and deepened harbor at Berbera.