The Council of Ministers
The RCC-NS appointed the Council of Ministers, or cabinet, which
included civilian politicians and military officers. Cabinet composition
varied, but in 1991 it included the prime minister; the deputy
prime minister; some ministers of state; and finance; and heads
of about twenty other ministries. The main ministries included
agriculture and natural resources, construction and public works,
culture and information, defense, education, energy and mining,
finance and economic planning, foreign affairs, health, higher
education and scientific research, industry, interior, irrigation,
justice, labor and social insurance, trade and cooperation, transport
and communications, and welfare and social development.
Although the Council of Ministers was the designated executive
arm of the government and a majority of ministers were civilians,
in practice the council had no power independent of the RCC-NS.
The prime minister, RCC-NS chairman Bashir, had authority to appoint
and dismiss ministers and reshuffled the cabinet several times
between 1989 and 1991. The important portfolios of defense and
interior were held by RCC-NS members, and at least three other
ministries were headed by RCC-NS officers. The civilian ministers
could not undertake independent initiatives and had to obtain
advance approval from the RCC-NS for any major policy decisions.
Data as of June 1991