The collectivization of agriculture was implemented on a limited
scale in Tajikistan between 1927 and 1929, and much more aggressively
between 1930 and 1934. The objective of Soviet agricultural policy
was to expand the extent of cotton cultivation in Tajikistan as
a whole, with particular emphasis on the southern part of the
republic. The process included violence against peasants, substantial
expansion of the irrigation network, and forcible resettlement
of mountain people and people from Uzbekistan in the lowlands.
Many peasants in Tajikistan fought forced collectivization, reviving
the Basmachi movement in upland enclaves between 1930 and 1936.
The interwar years also saw small-scale industrial development
in the republic (see Industry, this ch.).
Data as of March 1996