Armed Forces: Active-duty strength consisted of
91,500, air and air defense force of 7,000, and navy of
reserve personnel of 50,000. At end of 1988, armed forces
by nearly 50,000 Cuban troops and a few thousand Soviet
German advisers. Army supported by 50,000-member
People's Defense and Territorial Troops, a kind of reserve
Two years of universal and compulsory conscription.
Combat Units and Major Equipment: Army organized
more than seventy brigades in ten military regions.
1,100 Soviet-manufactured tanks and armored fighting
force organized into three regiments (fighter-bomber,
and helicopter). Combat aircraft included MiG-23 and
fighters. Navy used three ports and had guided missile
boats and torpedo boats.
Military Budget: Amounted to US$1.3 billion in
constant 1980 dollars)--more than 40 percent of government
expenditures and about 30 percent of GNP.
Paramilitary and Internal Security Forces:
was People's Vigilance Brigades, a lightly armed citizens'
with strength of from 800,000 to 1.5 million. In 1988
border guards and 8,000 police officers (supported by
Data as of February 1989