GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS
Government: Marxist-Leninist government based on
Constitution (later revised) but dominated by Popular
the Liberation of Angola-Workers' Party (Movimento Popular
Libertação de Angola-Partido de Trabalho--MPLA-PT).
composed of executive branch led by president, who
Council of Ministers and Defense and Security Council.
branch consisted of People's Assembly. As of late 1988,
inability to hold elections, People's Assembly had been
Justice system composed of Supreme Court, Court of
people's revolutionary courts, and series of people's
Politics: Real power resided with MPLA-PT, whose
was president of republic. Political Bureau most important
party. Central Committee, although subordinate to MPLA-PT
congress, wielded greater influence over party policies.
opposition parties, but beginning in 1976 National Union
Total Independence of Angola (União Nacional para a
Total de Angola -- UNITA) waged devastating insurgency
in southeast and elsewhere.
Foreign Relations: Government relied on Soviet
its allies, especially Cuba, for military support. United
and other Western nations played important economic roles.
Africa, which has supported UNITA, most important regional
December 1988 regional accords with South Africa and
provided for cessation of South African support for UNITA,
withdrawal of Cuban troops from Angola, and independence
Namibia--may change complexion of regional politics and
International Organizations: Member of African
Development Bank, Council for Mutual Economic Assistance
status), Customs Cooperation Council, Group of 77,
Telecommunications Satellite Organization, Nonaligned
Organization of African Unity, Southern African
Coordination Conference, United Nations and its agencies,
Federation of Trade Unions.
Data as of February 1989