Population: In 1988 estimated at 8.2 million,
which concentrated in western half of country. About 46
population under age fifteen in 1986.
Ethnic Groups: Ovimbundu, Mbundu, and Bakongo
nearly three-fourths of population in 1988. Other groups
LundaChokwe , Nganguela, Nyaneka-Humbe, Ovambo, mestiço
(see Glossary), and European.
Languages: Portuguese official language, but
languages spoken by more than 95 percent of population.
Religion: Christians (Roman Catholics and
Protestant denominations) estimated at between 65 and 88
population in 1988; remainder practiced traditional
Education and Literacy: Eight-year course
until age fifteen, but enrollment severely disrupted by
Separate school system in rebel-controlled areas. Overall
rate about 20 percent in 1987.
Health and Welfare: Very poor health care
years of insurgency. High prevalence of infectious
to 50,000 amputees. Large number of foreign, especially
medical personnel in country. Life expectancy in 1987
males and forty-four for females.
Data as of February 1989