Transportation and Telecommunications
Highways: In 1990 about 36,700 kilometers of
which 31,800 hard-surface. Generally poorly maintained.
Railroads: 2,090 kilometers of rail line in
connect Baku with Tbilisi, Makhachkala (Daghestan), and Erevan;
rail line in Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic goes to Tabriz
(Iran). Operating costs high because of poor equipment condition.
Service disrupted by Nagorno-Karabakh conflict in early 1990s.
Civil Aviation: Total thirty-three usable
twenty-six with permanent-surface runways. Longest runway at Baku
International Airport. National airline, Azerbaijan Airlines,
founded in 1992.
Inland Waterways: Most rivers not navigable.
Ports: Baku center of Caspian shipping lines to
Pipelines: In 1994 crude oil pipeline 1,130
petroleum products pipeline 630 kilometers, and natural gas
pipeline 1,240 kilometers.
Telecommunications: In 1991 total telephone
644,000 (nine per 100 persons). Connections to CIS countries by
cable and microwave. Connections to other countries through
Moscow. International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
(Intelsat) station in Baku gives access to 200 countries through
Turkey. Turkish and Iranian television stations received through
satellite; domestic and Russian broadcasts received locally.
Data as of March 1994