Armed Forces: Military affairs overseen by
Council reporting to president, not by Ministry of Defense. Armed
forces consist of army, air force, air defense forces, navy, and
National Guard. In 1994 total of about 56,000 troops (about half
of which conscripts), 49,000 of which allocated to ground forces,
3,000 to navy, and 2,000 each to air force and air defense
forces. Paramilitary groups extensively used in Nagorno-Karabakh
conflict in early 1990s, and volunteers widely sought abroad. All
Russian forces withdrawn by 1993. Forced recruitment reported in
1993; discipline poor.
Military Budget: Estimated expenditure in 1992
10.5 percent (about US$125 million) of state budget.
Internal Security: Border Guards, established
limited; some Russian troops included. In 1993 major reform of
Ministry of Internal Affairs, which controls 20,000 militia
troops used as regular police. Customs service unable to prevent
smuggling, especially of narcotics.
Data as of March 1994