Formal Name: Republic of Azerbaijan.
Short Form: Azerbaijan.
Term for Citizens: Azerbaijani(s).
Date of Independence: October 18, 1991.
Size: Approximately 86,600 square kilometers.
Topography: About half mountainous; surrounded
mountain ranges, most notably Greater Caucasus range to north.
Flatlands in center and along Caspian Sea coast.
Climate: Dry, semiarid steppe in center and
subtropical in southeast, cold at high mountain elevations to
north, temperate on Caspian Sea coast.
Data as of March 1994