EDUCATION, HEALTH, AND WELFARE
In Belarus education is compulsory for ten years, from
seven to seventeen. Primary school, generally starting at
seven and lasting for five years, is followed by an
five years of secondary school. These schools fall into
categories: general, teacher training, and vocational.
Institutions of higher education include three
polytechnical institutes, and a number of colleges
in agricultural or technical sciences.
In early 1992, some 60 percent of eligible children
preschool institutions in Belarus. During the 1993-94
year, Belarus had 1.5 million children in 5,187 primary
secondary schools, 175,400 students in thirty-three
of higher education, and 129,200 students in 148 technical
colleges. The literacy rate was 100 percent, and the
was fairly well educated.
During the communist era, education was mainly
the Russian language; by 1987 there were no
schools in any of the republic's urban areas. When
adopted as the country's official language in 1990,
to be taught in Belarusian as early as primary school;
language, history, and literature were to be replaced with
Belarusian language, history, and literature. However,
remains the main language of instruction in both secondary
schools and institutions of higher education.
Data as of June 1995