Foreign Military Assistance
The use of foreign military advisers has a long history in
Ethiopia, going back to the arrival of a Portuguese military
expedition in the 1530s. French, Russian, Belgian, and
Swedish advisers all contributed to efforts before World War
II to build a modern army (see
Training, this ch.).
Following the war, Britain, Sweden, Norway, Israel, and the
United States assumed responsibility for training and
equipping the Ethiopian armed forces.
After the 1977-78 Ogaden War, the Soviet Union became
Ethiopia's major military supplier. Addis Ababa also
received military assistance from a number of other
communist nations, including Cuba, East Germany, and North
Korea. In addition, by late 1989 Israel had resumed its
military relationship with Ethiopia, which the imperial
government had broken off at the time of the Arab-Israeli
October 1973 War.
Data as of 1991