THE POSTWAR ERA
The signing of the preliminary peace treaty between
and the Soviet Union on September 19, 1944, marked the
of a new era for Finland. Its hallmark was to be a
change in Finnish policy toward the Soviet Union; the
hostility was to be replaced by a policy of friendship.
leaders felt that only a genuine rapprochement between the
countries could guarantee Finland's long-term survival as
independent state. In the late 1980s, the new policy,
for more than forty years,appeared to have been successful
preserving Finland's freedom. Domestically, Finland's
economy have undergone rapid changes that have made the
prosperous social-welfare state. Finland's achievements in
postwar years have been surviving external threats and
as a modern industrialized country.
Data as of December 1988