Size: 238,533 square kilometers, roughly the size of the
states of Illinois and Indiana.
Topography: Generally low physical relief except in the
east. Five distinct geographical regions: low plains inland from
Atlantic coast; northern plateau stretching from western border to
Volta River Basin averaging 450 meters in height; mountainous
uplands along eastern border, bisected in south by Volta River
Gorge; Volta River Basin in center; and dissected plateau up to 300
meters high in north.
Climate: Tropical climate governed by interaction of dry
continental airmass from the northeast and moist southwest
equatorial system. Annual mean temperature between 26°C and
Annual rainfall varies from more than 2,100 millimeters in
southwest to 1,000 millimeters in north. Vegetation heaviest in
south, thinning to savanna and dry plains in
Data as of November 1994