TRANSPORTATION AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS
Roads: Most regions accessible by road network of more
than 32,000 kilometers; 12,000 classified as main roads. About
6,000 kilometers paved, remainder gravel or earth. Since 1985 major
repairs under way on all main and some feeder roads.
Railroads: 953 kilometers of narrow gauge (1.067 meter)
track; only thirty-two kilometers double-tracked. Serve only
southern industrial/commercial centers, mainly connecting Accra,
Sekondi-Takoradi, and Kumasi. Limited renovation under way as part
of Economic Recovery Program.
Civil Aviation: Eleven airfields, including Kotoka
International Airport at Accra and major domestic airports at
Sekondi-Takoradi, Kumasi, and Tamale. Ghana Airways operates small
fleet on domestic and international routes. In early 1990s,
runways, lighting, and freight and terminal buildings upgraded at
Ports and Waterways: Two deep artificial harbors--Tema
(2.7 million ton capacity) and Takoradi (projected 1.6 million ton
capacity). More than 1,100-kilometer navigable network on Lake
Volta, with additional ports planned; 168 kilometers of Ankobra
River, Tano River, and Volta River navigable. Small merchant marine
of one refrigerated and five cargo ships.
Telecommunications: Relatively limited telecommunications
system. About 45,000 telephones in 1993, concentrated in Accra. Two
domestic radio-relay systems, one east-west serving coastal cities,
one north-south connecting Accra with Burkina Faso. International
telecommunications via link with International Telecommunications
Satellite Corporation (Intelsat) Atlantic Ocean Satellite. Four AM
and one FM radio stations; four television stations; two domestic
shortwave transmitters broadcast in English and six local
languages; one international transmitter broadcasts in English,
French, and Hausa.
Data as of November 1994