TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATIONS
Roads: Total 250,000 kilometers national,
district roads (1989); 43 percent paved; about 32 percent
as highways. Urban transit dominated by motor vehicles;
use of buses, minibuses, and motorcycles.
Maritime: Interisland transportation critical;
traditional sailing craft still widely used but increasing
motorization. Port improvements underway in 1980s and
300 registered ports for international and interisland
Domestic merchant fleet composed of 35 oceangoing vessels,
interisland vessels, more than 1,000 modernized local
almost 4,000 traditional vessels, 1,900 special bulk
Nearly 21,600 kilometers of inland waterways.
Airports: Government-owned airline, Garuda
Airways, with one smaller subsidiary; one private airline.
SukarnoHatta International Airport opened outside Jakarta in
airports in Denpasar, Medan, Surabaya, and Batam Island;
airports total in early 1990s, 111 with permanent-surface
Railroads: Track length 6,964 kilometers in
all government-owned and -operated by Indonesian State
(PJKA; for this and other acronyms--see table A). Some 211
kilometers of roadbed double tracked and 125 kilometers
electrified, all in Java. Most used for passenger
but increasing use for freight since early 1980s.
program underway with World Bank assistance since late
Telecommunications: First Indonesian Palapa
launched 1976, replaced in 1987; 130 earth stations;
among 147 cities, international direct dialing to 147
226 automatic and 480 manual telephone exchanges; about
telephones (1990). Television and radio dominated by
networks, but private stations on the rise in early 1990s.
million television sets and 22 million radios in early
Data as of November 1992