Trade and Balance of Payments
The success of the EPZs has meant that sugar, the
leader in exports, has been replaced by manufactured
Although the level of sugar exports has remained
(rising to MauR5.3 billion in 1992 from MauR4.3 billion in
EPZ exports have risen from MauR6.6 billion in 1987 to
billion in 1992. Most exports went to Britain (35 percent
1991), followed by France (19 percent), the United States
percent), and Germany (11 percent).
Manufactured goods accounted for 34 percent of imports
1991, followed by machinery and transportation equipment
percent), food (11 percent), and fuels (8 percent). In the
year, France was the main supplier of imported goods (13
percent), followed by South Africa (12 percent), Britain
percent), and Japan (7 percent). Other sources of imports
Germany, India, China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan.
The country's geographic isolation, reliance on
fuel, food, and manufactured goods, and its limited export
have combined to create persistent visible balance of
deficits in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Imports
exports by MauR1.1 billion in 1987, and the trade deficit
an estimated MauR5.8 billion in 1992.
Data as of August 1994