GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS
Government: Democracy, with president and
legislature, Moldovan Parliament, both popularly elected.
Government composed of president and Council of Ministers.
General Prosecution Office headed by prosecutor general.
constitution went into effect August 27, 1994. Two selfproclaimed republics: "Gagauzia," recognized and granted
autonomy; and "Dnestr Moldavian Republic," with an
extralegal separatist government.
Politics: Leading parties after 1994
elections: Democratic Agrarian Party of Moldova, Christian
Democratic Popular Front, Congress of Peasants and
Gagauz HalkÓ, and Yedinstvo/Socialist Bloc.
Foreign Relations: First recognized by Romania;
early 1995, recognized by more than 170 states, including
States (December 25, 1991). Foreign diplomatic presence in
Chisinau limited. Relations with Romania influenced by
reunification of the two countries. Relations with Ukraine
improved as a result of less nationalistic Moldovan
presence of the Russian 14th Army in Transnistria seen as
common threat. Relationship with Russia very tense.
International Agreements and Memberships: Member
Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, United
International Monetary Fund, World Bank, European Bank for
Reconstruction and Development, North Atlantic Cooperation
Council, Community of Riparian Countries of the Black Sea.
Observer at General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)
World Trade Organization (successor to GATT). Alma-Ata
Declaration, creating Commonwealth of Independent States
signed by president December 1991 but not ratified by
until April 1994. Member of Commonwealth of Independent
as of April 1994.
Data as of June 1995