Size: Approximately 33,700 square kilometers.
Topography: Gently rolling hilly plain in north;
deciduous forests in center; numerous ravines and gullies
steppe zone in south. Highest point 430 meters.
Climate: Moderately continental. Average annual
precipitation ranges from 600 millimeters in north to 400
millimeters in south.
Population: 4,473,033 (July 1994 estimate);
annual growth rate 0.38 percent (1994 estimate).
Ethnic Groups: According to 1989 census, 64.5
Romanian, 13.8 percent Ukrainian, 13.0 percent Russian,
percent Gagauz, 2.0 percent Bulgarian, 1.5 percent Jewish,
1.7 other, including Belarusian, Polish, Roma (Gypsy), and
Languages: Moldovan (a dialect of Romanian)
language; Russian retained as language of interethnic
communication; areas of non-Romanian ethnic majority may
local language as means of communication.
Religion: About 98.5 percent Eastern Orthodox
also, Uniate, Jewish, Armenian Apostolic, Seventh-Day
Baptist, Pentecostal, and Molokan.
Education and Literacy: Mandatory School
ten years; literacy, 96 percent (1992). Approximately half
students study in Romanian language and half in Russian
Health: Health care provided by state, mostly
charge. Infant mortality rate 30.3 per 1,000 live births
Life expectancy (1994) for males sixty-five years and for
seventy-two years. Modern medical equipment and facilities
short supply. In 1990 about 129 hospital beds and forty
per 10,000 inhabitants.
Data as of June 1995