TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATIONS
Inland Waterways: 397 kilometers of principal routes,
primarily on Hovsgol Nuur and Selenge Moron, navigable only 5
months of year.
Roads: In 1986 total highways 6,700 kilometers; 900
kilometers paved. Main roads linked Ulaanbaatar with Chinese and
Soviet frontiers at Erenhot and Kyakhta, respectively. Bus
services in Ulaanbaatar and other large towns; road haulage
services throughout country on basis of motor-transport depots,
mostly in aymag (provincial) centers.
Railroads: Diesel-drive rolling stock; 1,750 kilometers
of 1.524-meter broad-gauge track in 1986. In 1984 accounted for
more than 70 percent of total freight turnover.
Civil Aviation: Airfields totaled eighty, thirty
usable, ten with permanent-surface runways; largest at
Ulaanbaatar. National carrier: Mongolian Airlines (MIAT).
Domestic service to provincial-level and many county centers.
International service from Ulaanbaatar to Irkutsk, Soviet Union,
and Beijing. Total route length, 38,300 kilometers. Aeroflot
connected Ulaanbaatar to major world capitals.
Telecommunications: New radio relay lines planned; 13
AM, 1 FM radio station, 1 television station with 18 provinciallevel relays; 88,100 television sets; 207,000 radio receivers; at
least one satellite ground station.
Data as of June 1989